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Conner and our other winners, and become a democracy thank you to all who participated. Daniel Jones. San Antonio, TX, Class of 2018. Elon, NC, Class of background, 2018. New York University. New York, NY, Class of theodore levitt, 2017. New York, NY, Class of red bull background, 2017. University of when did america, Chicago.

Chicago, IL, Class of background, 2017. Nick Rowan Bassman. Oberlin, OH, Class of 2017. Johnson County Community College. Overland Park, KS, Class of 2021. Penn State University.

University Park, PA, Class of 2018. Middletown, CT, Class of 2020. Hanover, NH, Class of 2018. Previous Finalists Essays The 10 Best Modern Love Columns Ever View all Modern Love columns After a First Time, Many Second Thoughts. Learning to Embrace Sexualitys Gray Areas.

Swiping Right on Tinder, but Staying Put. Even in Real Life There Were Screens Between Us. Eating the les mis jean, Forbidden Ham Sandwich. A Love for the Ages but Which One? Stuck at the Border Between the Sexes. Want to Be My Boyfriend? Please Define. Instant Message Instant Girlfriend. My Dropout Boyfriend Kept Dropping In. Lets Not Get to Know Each Other Better.

The New York Times Modern Love College Essay Contest. NO PURCHASE NECESSARY. A PURCHASE OR PAYMENT OF ANY KIND WILL NOT INCREASE YOUR CHANCES OF WINNING. The Sponsor is The New York Times Company, 620 8th Avenue, New York, NY 10018. The New York Times Modern Love College Essay Contest (the Contest) is a skillbased competition in background, which participants will compete to les mis valjean, be selected as author of the red bull, top essay, as selected by Sponsor. The author of the winning entry will be awarded $1,000.00 and his/her top essay will be published in The New York Times Sunday Styles section and on nytimes.com. Participants will be invited to submit essays, which will be voted on hidden and rated by Sponsor. The Contest begins at 10 AM Eastern on Friday, February 10, 2017 and ends at 11:59 PM Eastern on Sunday, March 19, 2017. The Contest will be conducted in two phases. During the red bull background, first phase of the Contest (Phase One) contestants will be invited to submit their essays. The deadline for of sex essay submissions is 11:59 PM Eastern on Sunday, March 19, 2017.

During the second phase of the Contest (Phase Two) the submissions will be voted on and rated by the Judge. The voting will begin at 10 AM Eastern on Monday, March 20, 2017 and end at 11:59 PM Eastern on Monday, April 18, 2017. Daniel Jones, Editor, Modern Love, will serve as judge (Judge). Red Bull Background! Judge will select the Winner (as defined below) based on talent, writing ability, style, creativity and collectivist originality of entry. Deciding factors may include clear composition and relevant subject matter. The essay selected by Judge as the top essay will be the grand prize winner (Winner).

Whether any essay is red bull eligible at any stage shall be at Sponsors sole and absolute discretion at all times, including, without limitation, whether any such essay meets Sponsors standards of overall quality, as such quality standards are determined by Sponsor, in what, its sole and absolute discretion. Red Bull Background! The name of the winner will be published on what is socratic or around April 28th, 2017, in The New York Times Sunday Styles section and on nytimes.com. Red Bull Background! Odds of winning depend on the number of eligible entries received. As a condition of Contest entry, each Contest Entrant (as defined below) acknowledges and valjean agrees that: (a) Sponsor has access to and/or may create or have created literary, visual and/or other materials, ideas and concepts which may be similar or identical to the Contest Entry Materials in theme and/or other respects; (b) the Contest Entrant will not be entitled to any compensation or other consideration because of the use by Sponsor of any such similar or identical material, ideas and/or concepts; and background (c) Sponsors use of material containing elements similar to or identical with those contained in collectivist, the Contest Entry Materials or any essay shall not obligate Sponsor to negotiate with nor entitle Contest Entrant to any compensation or other claim. Potential winner will be tallied by red bull or about Monday, April 18, 2017. Hidden Intellectualism Graff! Potential Winner will be sent his/her prize-winning notification via electronic mail (e-mail) or by phone. A potential Winner has seven (7) days from receipt of notification to claim his/her prize by responding via electronic mail (e-mail) or an background alternate Winner will be selected.

Noncompliance with these official rules or, if a selected potential Winner cannot be contacted, provides incorrect e-mail or mailing address, is ineligible, fails to claim a prize or if the hidden gerald graff, prize notification or prize is returned as undeliverable, an alternate Winner will be selected. Acceptance of background, a prize constitutes permission for theodore levitt Sponsor to use Winner's essay, name and likeness for red bull background advertising and promotional purposes without compensation, unless otherwise prohibited by law. This Contest is open to valjean, legal residents of the 50 United States ([including] D.C.) who are current undergraduate students at least 18 years of age and older, residing in the United States and enrolled in an American college or university. Employees and agents of Sponsor, its affiliates, subsidiaries, advertising and promotion agencies, any other prize sponsor, and any entity involved in the development, production, implementation, administration or fulfillment of the Contest and their immediate family members and/or close personal friends and/or those living in red bull, the same household of such persons, whether related or not, are not eligible to enter the Contest. Employees, officers and directors of Sponsor (including Sponsors parent company, The New York Times Company (NYTCO)), their respective affiliates, subsidiaries, distributors, advertising, promotion, fulfillment and collectivist marketing agencies, their immediate families, (defined as spouse, child, sibling, parent, or grandparent) and those living in their same households are NOT eligible to participate in the Promotion. Each Winner will be required to execute a declaration of red bull background, eligibility and liability release attesting that the Winner has complied with all the rules and theodore levitt that the Winner releases Sponsor(s) and all prize-supplier companies from all liability for damages or personal injury in connection with the Winner's use of the red bull background, prize, and a publicity release consenting that the les mis valjean, Sponsor and anyone they may authorize may, without compensation, use Winner's name, essay, photograph or other likeness, biographical information and statements concerning the Contest or the Sponsor for purposes of advertising and promotion. Any individual wishing to compete in the Contest must submit an essay of background, no more than 1700 words illustrating the current state of love and jean relationships, to essaycontest@nytimes.com (participants submitting essays are referred to as Contest Entrants). Submissions must include: Contest Entrants essay and contact information, including name, college or university name, home address, e-mail address and phone number. Each Contest Entrant may submit one essay during the red bull background, Contest (an Essay). Become! Essays must be received no later than 11:59 Eastern on Sunday, March 19, 2017.

Any elements appearing in red bull background, submitted Essays must be entirely original, created by Contest Entrant, and must not have been altered in any way from the original. Consensus! Submitted Essays must not have been previously published nor can they be professional essays, or essays copied from the Internet. Use of any elements or other materials that are not original, or in background, the public domain may result in disqualification of Essay in Sponsors sole discretion. By entering, Contest Entrants accept and agree to be bound by these Official Rules, including the decisions of the Sponsor, which are final and binding in all respects. Collectivist Consensus! Limit one (1) entry per Contest Entrant and per email address. Any individual who attempts to enter, or in the sole discretion of Sponsor is suspected of entering more than once, by any means, including but not limited to background, submitting multiple Essays, will be disqualified from the Contest. In addition Sponsor reserves the right to reject any submission without explanation. As conditions of entry into the Contest, each Contest Entrant: WARRANTS AND REPRESENTS THAT THE CONTEST ENTRANT OWNS ALL RIGHTS TO THE ESSAY HE/SHE IS SUBMITTING (COLLECTIVELY, THE CONTEST ENTRY MATERIALS). Theodore Levitt! WARRANTS AND REPRESENTS THAT THE CONTEST ENTRANT HAS OBTAINED PERMISSION FROM EACH PERSON WHO APPEARS IN THE CONTEST ENTRY MATERIALS TO GRANT THE RIGHTS TO THE SPONSOR DESCRIBED IN THESE RULES, AND CAN MAKE SUCH PERMISSIONS AVAILABLE TO SPONSOR UPON REQUEST. Red Bull Background! WARRANTS AND REPRESENTS THAT HIS/HER CONTEST ENTRY MATERIALS ARE ORIGINAL AND HAVE BEEN LEGALLY OBTAINED AND CREATED, AND DO NOT INFRINGE THE INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS OR ANY OTHER LEGAL OR MORAL RIGHTS OF ANY THIRD PARTY.

Irrevocably grants to Sponsor and its affiliates, legal representatives, assigns, agents and licensees, the worldwide, royalty-free, non-exclusive, sub licensable, unconditional, perpetual and transferable right and license to copyright (only as applicable), reproduce, encode, store, modify, copy, transmit, publish, post, broadcast, display, edit for length and content, publicly perform, adapt, exhibit and/or otherwise use or reuse (without limitation as to when or to the number of theodore levitt, times used), the Contest Entrants name, address, image, likeness, statements, biographical material and Contest Entry Materials, including, but not limited to, the background, Essays contained in any of the above items, as well as any additional photographic images and other materials relating to the Contest Entrant and arising out of jean valjean, his/her participation in this Contest (with or without using the Contest Entrants name) (collectively, the background, Additional Materials) (in each case, as submitted or as edited/modified in any way, whether by the Sponsor, its Licensees, or assigns, in the Sponsors sole discretion) in any media throughout the world for any purpose, without limitation, and without additional review, compensation, or approval from the Contest Entrant or any other party. Irrevocably grants to Sponsor and its affiliates, legal representatives, assigns, agents and jean valjean licensees, the worldwide, royalty-free, non-exclusive, sub licensable, unconditional, perpetual and transferable right and license to use the red bull, Contest Entry Materials for advertising, promotional or commercial purposes, including without limitation, the right to publicly display, reproduce and distribute the Contest Entry Materials in any media format or medium and through any media channels. Contest Entrants name, essay and city of residence may be published on les mis jean any NYTCO-owned website. Forever waives any rights of privacy, intellectual property rights, and any other legal or moral rights that may preclude Sponsors use of the red bull, Contest Entrants Contest Entry Materials or Additional Materials, or require the Contest Entrants permission for is socratic method Sponsor to use them for background promotional purposes, and agrees to never sue or assert any claim against the Sponsors use of those Materials. Acknowledges and agrees that: (a) Sponsor has access to and/or may create or have created literary, visual and/or materials, ideas and concepts which may be similar or identical to the Contest Entry Materials in theme and/or other respects; (b) the Contest Entrant will not be entitled to any compensation or other consideration because of the use by Sponsor of collectivist, any such similar or identical material, ideas and/or concepts; and (c) Sponsors use of red bull background, material containing elements similar to or identical with those contained in the Contest Entry Materials or any Essay shall not obligate Sponsor to is socratic method, negotiate with nor entitle Entrant to any compensation or other claim. Agrees to indemnify and hold the red bull background, Sponsor and collectivist its affiliates, officers, directors, agents, co-branders or other partners, and any of their employees (collectively, the Promotion Indemnitees), harmless from any and red bull background all claims, damages, expenses, costs (including reasonable attorneys fees) and liabilities (including settlements), brought or asserted by any third party against the definition of sex any of the Promotion Indemnitees arising out of red bull, or in connection with: (a) any Contest Entry Materials or Additional Materials (including, but not limited to, any and all claims of third parties, whether or not groundless, based on gerald graff the submission of such other material); (b) any breach by Contest Entrant of any warranty, agreement or representation contained in the Official Rules or terms of red bull, service or in any documentation submitted by Contest Entrant; (c) the Contest Entrants conduct during and in connection with this Contest, including but not limited to trademark, copyright, or other intellectual property rights, right of publicity, right of privacy or defamation; or (d) the acceptance of any prize. All entries become the property of Sponsor and did america become will not be acknowledged or returned. At any time during the Contest, Sponsor reserves the red bull background, right, in its sole and what method unfettered discretion, to disqualify and remove any Essay that it believes does not meet the spirit or requirements of the Official Rules. The decisions of the Sponsor on this and red bull all matter relating to the Contest are final and binding. Entries will be rated from March 20, 2017 to les mis valjean, April 18, 2017. Red Bull! Daniel Jones, Editor, Modern Love, will serve as judge (Judge).

Judge will select the Winner based on talent, writing ability, style, creativity and originality of entry. Deciding factors may include clear composition and relevant subject matter. The essay selected by Judge as the best essay will be the gerald graff, grand prize winner (Winner). The author of the Essay selected by Judge as the top essay will receive $1,000.00 and his/her top essay will be published in The New York Times Sunday Styles section and on nytimes.com. Red Bull Background! Estimated value of hidden graff, first place prize and the total prize package is $1,000.00. Four runners-up will also be selected. Select runners-up may also have their essays published in print and/or on nytimes.com.

If Winner is red bull background unable to fulfill prize during time period specified, Winner forfeits the prize package. Winner must be 18 years of collectivist, age or older. Prizes are non-transferable and background shall be deemed to have no cash value. All unclaimed and/or unused prize packages may not be used as sales or trade incentives for employees of Sponsor, their agencies or clients. No prize substitution is permitted, except by Sponsor, which reserves the right to substitute any prize of equal or comparable value including cash in the event of prize unavailability. Prizes are non-transferable. Prize consists of only the item specifically listed above. No substitution or transfer of les mis valjean, prize is permitted, except that Sponsor reserves the red bull background, right to substitute a prize of equal or greater value in the event that an consensus offered prize is unavailable. All federal, state and red bull local taxes on did america a democracy prizes are the sole responsibility of the Winner.

Contest Entrant acknowledges and red bull background agrees that as a condition of being awarded a prize, Winner must sign and theodore levitt return, within seven (7) days following attempted notification, a standard release form. Noncompliance within this time period may result in disqualification and an alternate Winner may be selected. Sponsor and red bull background its officers, directors, affiliates, related entities, partners, partnerships, principals, representatives, agents, licensees, sponsors, successors and assigns: (a) make no warranty, guaranty or representation of any kind concerning any prize; (b) disclaim any implied warranty; and (c) are not liable for injury, loss, or damage of any kind resulting from the consensus, acceptance or use of any prize, travel related thereto or from participation in this Contest. If any activity relating to background, any prize is canceled or postponed for any reason, the balance of that prize will be awarded in full satisfaction of prize award. All taxes, fees and surcharges on prizes won are the is socratic method, sole responsibility of the red bull background, Winner.

The Contest is governed by and subject to theodore levitt, the laws of the United States. All federal, state and local laws and regulations apply. Void where prohibited by law. All Winners will receive an IRS 1099 for the value of red bull, their prizes. By participating in the Contest and/or accepting any prize, Contest Entrants grant permission to Sponsor and its advertising and promotion agencies to use their name(s), likeness(es), essays and any other material submitted in connection with the Contest for purposes of advertising, publicity and the definition promotion purposes, without further compensation to Contest Entrant, unless prohibited by law.

By entering, the Contest Entrants agree to be bound by background the Official Rules and the decisions of the Sponsor, which are final and collectivist binding on all matters relating to the Contest. Sponsor is not responsible for any typographical or other errors in the printing of the red bull, offer, administration of the Contest or the announcement of the theodore levitt, prizes, or for lost, late, misdirected, damaged, incomplete or illegal entries. Sponsor reserves the right at its sole discretion to disqualify the Contest Entry of background, any individual found to when did america become a democracy, be: (a) tampering or attempting to tamper with the entry process or the operation of the red bull background, Contest or any Sponsor website; (b) violating the Official Rules; (c) violating the terms of what method, service, conditions of use and/or general rules or guidelines of any Sponsor property or service; or (d) acting in an unsportsmanlike or disruptive manner, or with intent to annoy, abuse, threaten or harass any other person. Background! Further, Sponsor reserves the collectivist, right to disqualify any entry which, in Sponsors sole opinion, is deemed to be offensive, libelous, slanderous, inflammatory, or otherwise inappropriate in any way for red bull background this Contest. Collectivist! CAUTION ANY ATTEMPT BY A CONTEST ENTRANT OR ANY OTHER INDIVIDUAL TO DELIBERATELY DAMAGE ANY WEBSITE OR UNDERMINE THE LEGITIMATE OPERATION OF THE CONTEST MAY BE A VIOLATION OF CRIMINAL AND CIVIL LAWS. Background! SHOULD SUCH AN ATTEMPT BE MADE, SPONSOR RESERVES THE RIGHT TO SEEK DAMAGES FROM ANY SUCH PERSON TO THE FULLEST EXTENT PERMITTED BY LAW. Sponsor assumes no responsibility for any computer, online, telephone transmission or technical malfunctions that may occur during participation in the Contest (including, without limitation, the voting phases of the Contest), or theft, destruction or unauthorized access to, or alteration of, Contest Entry Materials. Sponsor is not responsible for any incorrect or inaccurate information, whether caused by theodore levitt website users, Contest Entrants, or any of the equipment or programming associated with or utilized in the Contest, or for any technical or human error which may occur in red bull, the processing of submissions or votes in theodore levitt, the Contest.

Sponsor assumes no responsibility for any error, omission, interruption, deletion, defect, delay in operation of transmission, failures or technical malfunction of any telephone network or lines, computer online systems, servers, providers, computer equipment, software, email, players or browsers, whether on account of technical problems, traffic congestion on the Internet or at any website, or on account of any combination of the background, foregoing (including but not limited to any such problems which may result in the inability to the definition of sex, access the Contest website or to submit Contest Entry Materials in connection with the Contest). Sponsor is red bull background not responsible for become any injury or damage to participants or to any computer related to or resulting from participating or downloading materials in this Contest. If, for any reason, the Contest is not capable of running as planned, including infection by computer virus, bugs, tampering, unauthorized intervention, fraud, technical failures, or any other causes beyond the background, control of les mis valjean, Sponsor which corrupt or affect the background, administration, security, fairness, integrity or proper conduct of this Contest, Sponsor reserves the right at its sole discretion to cancel, terminate, modify or suspend the Contest and collectivist consensus select Winners from among that portion of the Contest that has not been compromised, if any. Sponsor reserves the right to cancel this Contest at any time without obligation or prior notice. Except where prohibited, as a condition of participating in this Contest, Contest Entrants agree that any and all disputes which cannot be resolved between the parties, claims and causes of action arising out of or connected with this Contest, any prize awarded, or the determination of Winners shall be resolved individually, without resort to background, any form of class action.

Further, in any such dispute, under no circumstances will Contest Entrant be permitted to obtain awards for, and hereby waives all rights to claim punitive, incidental or consequential damages, or any other damages, including attorneys fees, other than Contest Entrants actual out-of-pocket expenses (e.g. costs associated with entering this Contest), and Contest Entrant further waives all rights to have damages multiplied or increased. In the of sex, event of a dispute as to the identity of a Winner based on email address, the red bull, winning entry will be declared made by the Authorized Account Holder of the email address submitted at consensus time of entry. For purposes of red bull background, these Official Rules, Authorized Account Holder is defined as the natural person who is assigned to theodore levitt, an email address by an Internet access provider, online service provider or other organization (e.g. Red Bull! business, educational, institution, etc.) that is jean valjean responsible for assigning email addresses for the domain associated with the submitted email address. All issues and questions regarding rights and obligations of Contest Entrants in connection with this Contest shall be governed by, and construed in accordance with, the laws of the State of New York, U.S.A., without giving effect to the conflict of laws and rules thereof and any matters or proceedings which are not subject to arbitration as set forth in background, these Official Rules and/or for entering any judgment on an arbitration award, shall take place in the State of New York. The parties waive rights to trial by jury in any action or proceeding instituted in connection with these Official Rules and/or this Contest. Any controversy or claim arising out of or relating to these Official Rules and/or this Contest shall be settled by binding arbitration in accordance with the hidden graff, commercial arbitration rules of the American Arbitration Association. Any such controversy or claim shall be arbitrated on an individual basis, and background shall not be consolidated in any arbitration with any claim or controversy of any other party. The arbitration shall be conducted in the State of New York and judgment on the arbitration award may be entered into any court having jurisdiction thereof.

By entering the Contest, you agree to Sponsors use of your personal information, as described in the Sponsors Privacy Policy, located at www.nytimes.com. For a copy of the Official Rules or the theodore levitt, Winners names, send a separate, stamped, selfaddressed envelope to: The New York Times Modern Love College Essay Contest, 620 8th Avenue, New York, NY 10018. Requests received after June 1, 2017 may not be honored.

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7 Reasons This Is An Excellent Resume For Someone With No Experience. Red Bull! Writing your very first resume can be a daunting process. And it doesn't help to know that recruiters spend an average of theodore levitt six seconds reviewing a resume before they make the initial decision on candidates, according to research conducted by TheLadders , an online job-matching service for professionals. Many students don't know what should and should not be included in their first resume, says Amanda Augustine, a career expert at background TheLadders. While there are no hard and fast rules when writing a resume, it really depends on what content you have to work with, there are some preliminary guidelines all students or new professionals should follow. She says the most important things to think about when you're creating your first resume are your job goals and consensus your audience. Ask yourself: If I handed the red bull, resume to someone who knew nothing about gerald my college major or career direction, could they easily identify the type of role I'm targeting and why within the first 30 seconds? . To get a clearer picture of what makes a resume great, we asked Augustine to create a sample of an excellent one for someone with little to no experience.

While your resume may look different, depending on the industry you're in, the one below should serve as a useful guide for entry-level professionals with very little work experience: Skye Gould/Business Insider. What makes this an excellent resume for someone with no experience? Augustine outlines the following reasons: 1. The layout is clean and easy to red bull read. . The same font type is used throughout the document. Dates and locations are consistently represented, so it's easy to scan and pick out the important information. Gerald! In addition, the background, headers and what method main sections of information are centered on the page, which TheLadders eye-tracking study revealed is how recruiters tend to scan resumes, she says.

2. It includes a link to the job seeker's professional profile. . While it may seem a little premature, it's important for students to develop good social media habits from the red bull, get-go. Create one professional profile dedicated to your future career, she suggests. If you're studying to work in a more creative field, consider developing an online portfolio to display as part of your contact information. In addition, increase the security settings on your personal accounts so they're hidden away. 3. Theodore Levitt! The job seeker' s goals are clear. . Maria's professional title and summary at the top of the red bull, resume clearly indicate her interest in intellectualism gerald securing an internship in advertising or public relations. Red Bull! If her resume was passed along to the definition of sex someone by a friend, the reader wouldn't have to red bull guess, Augustine says. Graff! While Maria's personal brand is still under development, her summary references the value she already brings to the table: the relevant degree she's pursuing, her experience using social media, and her writing skills. 4. It plays up the job seeker's selling points. . Maria is pursuing her first internship and doesn't have any relevant work experience to speak of.

As a result, we've shifted around the components within her resume to red bull background showcase her strengths: her relevant coursework, leadership activities, achievements, and skills, Augustine explains. Her work experience is of sex moved to the bottom of the resume because it's not directly tied to red bull background her internship goals. However, it's important to include this information because it demonstrates Maria's work ethic and the definition skills.. 5. It includes some references to high school. Red Bull Background! . Collectivist Consensus! If you're pursuing your first internship, it's all right to incorporate some information about your high school career. This includes any awards, honors, or scholarships you may have received or sports you may have played. If you were valedictorian or salutatorian of red bull background your class, or you held an office in an honor society or relevant club, include it in your first resume, Augustine says. This information paints a picture for the reader of a well-rounded student who was active in and out of school. 6. It lists her social media skills.. If you grew up with Facebook and the definition of sex other social media channels, it may seem silly to add these to your resume doesn't everyone know their way around Instagram today? she says. But the reality is that this knowledge is an red bull, asset to many employers, and not everyone in collectivist the job market possesses it. If you're targeting internship opportunities in marketing, public relations, advertising, journalism, or even customer service, include these skills in your resume.

Many employers are looking for red bull interns to help manage their online brands; adding these skills to your resume will help them find you. 7. It doesn't include a list of references. Is Socratic Method! You do not need a line at the bottom that reads: References available upon request. . Background! As a college student you only get one page of consensus resume real estate so don't waste it with this information. Employers don't ask for background that information until you make it to a face-to-face interview, and hidden intellectualism gerald they know you'll provide it if they request it, she says. It's important to remember that experience isn't everything and, luckily, employers filling internships don't expect you to have much of it just yet, Augustine says. However, they do want to see an active student who has demonstrated a genuine interest in their position. So, when you sit down to red bull background write your first resume, try to think about your previous jobs in a new light. If your experience seems unrelated to the internship you want, think about theodore levitt what skills you've practiced or learned that could be applicable, she says. For instance, as a waitress you're sure to develop skills in background customer service, sales, and multitasking, all of which could be very valuable to a potential employer. The Definition Of Sex! SEE ALSO: 15 Things You Should Never Put On Your Resume. NOW WATCH: 7 smart questions to ask at the end of every job interview.

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colour of blue essay A Computer Darkroom Essay. I published my first essay on Photoshop Color Management back in the days of version 5 . Back then ICC based color management was in background its infancy and many Photoshop users needed all the help they could get to understand the myriad of options, dialogs, alerts, etc. With version Photoshop CS6 now in theodore levitt the hands of users it's time to background see what has changed. The first and most obvious change since CS5 is the UI. However, color management remains very similar in both look and feel to versions dating back as far as CS2, which is a good thing because existing users will be up and running fairly quickly. It's for this reason that the essay is, for the most part, simply an update of earlier versions rather than a complete rewrite. The one exception being the changes introduced to the new Print dialog . A Swedish language translation of this essay is available here. Section 1 - Color Management Primer.

Components of a Color Management System. A typical imaging system will consist of hidden graff, input and output devices, for example: scanners, digital cameras, monitors, and printers. Unfortunately, with such a diverse range of red bull, device types, technologies, and theodore levitt, gamut limitations, it's inevitable that they will each reproduce the same color differently (i.e. color is background, device dependent ). Obviously, this will present significant problems when working with documents originating from of sex, different sources, and will be further complicated when the same document is destined for different types of background, output device. Therefore, some means of ensuring that color data is reproduced in a predictable way throughout the jean, entire imaging system is essential. This is the purpose of a Color Management System (CMS). A color managed system comprises three basic components, namely: - A device-independent color space - this is usually referred to background as the Working or Reference color space. ICC profiles for each device (i.e. When Did America A Democracy. printer, scanner, monitor, digital camera, etc.) that will accurately describe the unique color characteristics of each device. A Color Matching Module (CMM) that will interpret the information contained within the device profiles and carry out the background, instructions on how the color characteristics of each device should be treated. Color Numbers, their Meaning and ICC Profiles. A digital image will usually comprise many millions pixels, each of which is what method, represented by a numeric values. The values assigned to each pixel will describe many attributes but in red bull this essay it's the color value or mix (e.g.

RGB value) that we're most interested in. As I have already mentioned, when a color is device-dependent, the appearance of pixels with identical values will very often differ because each device has its own unique way of translating the become a democracy, color value or number into visual color. The role of ICC profiles is to ensure that discrepancies that result from the widely differing color characteristics of red bull, each device are known to jean the color management system. If we were discussing spoken language rather than color, then the red bull background, ICC profile would be synonymous with a translator. Device profiles come in two basic forms, i.e. Input and Output profiles. Input profiles typically describe the color characteristics of scanners and digital cameras, whereas Output profiles describe devices such as monitors, printers and film recorders.

Input profiles are often referred to as one-way since they represent the collectivist consensus, source device. This means we can never convert a document into the color space of our scanner or digital camera. Output profiles, on the other hand, are two-way meaning we can convert From or To them. For example, we can convert a document with an embedded monitor profile into one that has a color profile describing a printer, or vice versa. The application software and drivers associated with most consumer class inkjet printers, film and flatbed scanner applications have been ICC aware for some time now with many vendors usually choosing sRGB as their preferred color space. This is a bit of a misnomer because sRGB is not a device color space.

Clearly, these vendors are doing some work behind the background, scenes so as to keep things simple for the user, which isn't necessarily as wise as it might first appear. The reason being that sRGB isnt generally regarded as appropriate for intellectualism gerald graff high quality image editing, especially when print or film output is required. So, to overcome this some vendors also provide the user with the option of choosing from a small selection of alternatives. For example, printer vendors such as Epson provide generic ICC profiles with their photo class printers, although its generally accepted these profiles are rarely as accurate as users would like. Nevertheless, they are getting better with each new generation of printer. As a rule, truly accurate color matching usually requires customised ICC profiles for each device and/or media type. Red Bull. These ICC profiles can be created professionally or you can buy your own profiling application software.

Why bother with Profiles and Color Management? Even though color correction and color management are not the theodore levitt, same thing they're often confused with each other, especially by the novice Photoshop user. Explaining the difference can very often lead to background even more confusion, but hopefully the what is socratic method, following explanation will provide some help. We have already established that the color characteristics of most imaging devices tend to be unique to background that device. Likewise, it's very rare for theodore levitt them to be truly linear (i.e. R=G=B=Neutral). Sometimes this second characteristic is referred to as the device being badly behaved; with scanners and red bull background, printers being good examples of badly behaved devices. Is Socratic. Obviously, it would be extremely difficult to edit a document where a group of background, pixels with values of consensus, R=G=B=128 (i.e. grey) actually appeared on the monitor to be significantly non-neutral. Red Bull Background. In such circumstances color correction would an absolute nightmare. To overcome these discrepancies we usually carry out all our editing in color spaces that are well behaved or independent of any specific device.

In Photoshop well behaved color spaces are more usually referred to as the Working Spaces , and are always characterised by RGB values that appear neutral when all three are equal. These Device Independent color spaces do not behave like, nor are they influenced by, any real world device. Collectivist. So, in this respect it could be argued that Working Spaces are based on synthetic color spaces . So, we have Device Profiles and Working Space Profiles - how do they interact ? The first thing we need to understand is that for any color profile to be useful to the color management system it must conform with the ICC standard. Red Bull Background. In fact, you'll more often see such profiles referred to as just ICC profiles. Anyway, without the collectivist, aid of device profiles the accurate translation of the document color data (the RGB numbers) from the red bull, scanner or digital camera into valjean, the Working Space will prove very difficult, if not impossible. Likewise, without the aid of accurate media specific printer profiles, the translation from the red bull background, Working Space into the color space of a digital printer will prove equally difficult. We also need an accurate monitor profile so as to ensure that what we see on theodore levitt the monitor is a true representation of the background, document color. The following flow diagram demonstrates a typical imaging workflow, with the hidden intellectualism graff, document being passed between devices: - from scanner/digital camera - to - computer - to - monitor - and printer.

So, the main benefit offered by red bull, color management is that the process of color correction can be undertaken in the knowledge that the when did america become, document displayed on the monitor is an accurate visual representation of the red bull background, original subject, and that the final print will accurately reflect the colors of the document being displayed. Just like its more recent predecessors Photoshop CS6 continues to use document specific color settings, Actually, the Working Space that's chosen in the Color Settings dialog has a direct bearing on jean only three types of document, viz.: - The default color space of new documents created via the New command found in the File menu. Existing documents without an embedded ICC profile. Imported documents with no embedded ICC profile (i.e. untagged documents), which might include scanned documents or those emanating from background, digital cameras. Document specific color means that it's the consensus, ICC profile embedded within the document that determines how it will be displayed (it's appearance) and not the background, default Photoshop Working Space. Theodore Levitt. With Photoshop CS6 you can have multiple documents, each in its own unique Working Space, open at the same time, and each will be displayed accurately.

Of course all of this assumes you're using an accurately calibrated and red bull, characterised monitor. Section 2 - Monitor Calibration and of sex, Characterisation. Monitor calibration and characterisation (profiling) is probably the most important aspect of a color managed workflow; yet many users seem oblivious to the issues poor monitor calibration can can have on their documents. So, what is calibration, why is it so important, and background, why is it different from characterisation? Calibration is a process whereby a device is brought to a standard state (e.g. a color temperature of collectivist, 6500K and gamma of 2.2), whereas characterising the monitor is the background, process of hidden graff, determining how the monitor represents or reproduces color. We characterise the monitor by red bull background, measuring how it displays known color values, then creating an when did america become a democracy, ICC profile. The ICC profile is simply a data file that includes a description of the monitors color handling characteristics (i.e. its gamut). The calibration data will also be written into the ICC profile. As I've already mentioned, Photoshop then uses the red bull background, monitor profile to automatically optimise the display of documents. It does so by consensus, carrying out an background, on-the-fly conversion between your document profile (e.g. ProPhoto RGB, Adobe RGB, sRGB, ColorMatch) and your monitor profile.

This conversion does not alter the actual document in any way; just its appearance on the monitor. Adobe stopped shipping Adobe Gamma with the Mac version of Photoshop a few versions back, but for a while kept it for did america become a democracy Windows. This was because there was no software only red bull alternative. Since Apple Display Calibrator Assistant was still installed within System Preferences Mac users never really found the absence of Adobe Gamma to graff be a problem. However, given that Windows Vista and Windows 7 don't play well with certain utilities, it was inevitable that Adobe Gamma would eventually be dropped from the Windows version of red bull background, Photoshop. Did America Become A Democracy. So, it came as no surprise that as of background, Photoshop CS3 Adobe stopped shipping Adobe Gamma.

For what it's worth, I think we can safely assume that Adobe will never again ship a monitor calibration utility with Photoshop. Obviously, software only the definition of sex monitor calibration applications use the red bull, human eye to determine tone and color differences between a series of white/grey/black/color patches. However, it should go without saying that the eye isn't the most accurate method of measuring these differences. Therefore, my recommendation would be to use a hardware based system such as the Datacolor Spyder, X-rite Photo ColorMunki or X-rite Photo i1 Display Pro . Tip for Mac OS X users: a tutorial describing the process of calibrating a display with the Apple Display Calibrator Assistant can be found here . Useful Information on location of les mis valjean, ICC/ColorSync Profiles. Photoshop CS6 is red bull, only compatible with Windows XP with Service Pack 3 or Windows 7 with Service Pack 1 on the PC platform and OS X 10.6.8 or higher on the Mac platform. The upside of theodore levitt, this is that the ICC and ColorSync profiles are more easily found.

Windows XP and Windows 7 - sub-folder named Windowssystem32spooldriverscolor. Mac OS X - ColorSync profiles are generally located in either the Library/ColorSync/Profiles or Users/ Section 3 - Photoshop CS6 Color Settings. The Color Settings dialog is the control room for the Photoshop color management system, and like all control rooms it can appear complicated. Red Bull Background. If you already use Photoshop CS5 or earlier you'll likely have Color Settings configured to hidden meet your needs, and it's probably best that you stick with those settings. Background. On the other hand new users should pour themselves a cup of strong coffee and intellectualism graff, pull up a chair because what follows is not always easy to background understand, and may take a few attempts to hidden intellectualism sink in.

Whether you use Mac or Windows the appearance and list of red bull, options within the Color Setting dialog, and elsewhere within Photoshop CS6, is to intellectualism gerald all intents and purposes identical. Background. So, begin by opening the Color Settings, which is found towards the collectivist consensus, bottom of the Edit menu. Figure 1 - Photoshop CS6 Default Color Settings. The first thing that I will draw your attention to is the box at red bull background, the bottom of the dialog labelled Description . As the when did america become, mouse is moved across the various pop-up menus, etc. you should see a short but informative explanation of what each menu does. Red Bull Background. Also note the button labelled More Options ; it's probably best that you select it now, as it will let you see the of sex, complete Color Settings dialog rather than the simplified version. The default RGB color setting depends upon your location but generally you'll find that it's either: North America General Purpose 2 or Europe General Purpose 3 . If you're working with documents that are primarily destined for the web then either is perfectly acceptable. Background. However, if you're documents are destined for print then these settings are generally regarded as being less than ideal. So, if the intellectualism, General Purpose settings are not ideal, what is? I could answer the above question by simply writing US or Europe Prepress Defaults , but doing so doesn't really help explain why nor would it be strictly true. Therefore, I will work my way through each section of the Color Settings dialog in turn.

The first section is red bull, labelled Settings , and the definition, is a simple pop-up menu with a list of preset Photoshop settings plus any that you may have saved previously. Red Bull Background. You needn't worry too much about this section just yet. The next section (figure 3) is labelled Working Spaces, and collectivist consensus, as I discussed earlier the selections made here will determine the Working Space profiles used for red bull background color handling of your documents. Figure 3 - Default Working Space Profiles. There are four Working Space types in Photoshop: RGB, CMYK, Gray and hidden graff, Spot (occasionally called Modes because they appear under the red bull, ImageMode menu). Hidden Graff. Since configuring the background, others follows a similar process I will concentrate on the RGB Working Space.

Also note that the term Working Space should not be confused with Workspace, which is used by Adobe to describe the layout of palettes, menu bars, etc. Working Space relates specifically to valjean the various color modes available in Photoshop. Clicking the RGB pop-up menu with the red bull, mouse will produce a list of options similar to that shown below (figure 4). Theodore Levitt. In this example I've selected Adobe RGB (1998) as the RGB Working Space. Red Bull. You'll also notice that it appears grouped with four other Working Spaces, these historically being the les mis jean valjean, most popular choices of Photoshop professionals, but not necessarily the best. Typically, sRGB will be confined to situations were the user is red bull background, solely interested in the definition of sex web design. ColorMatch RGB was once a favoured choice of many Mac users and Apple RGB is apparently for Mac web design. Notice the inclusion of ProPhoto RGB , which was previously only available from the extended list of profiles. ProPhoto RGB has been my preferred working space for quite a few years now. Red Bull. It's actually a very wide color space that encompasses the entire range of colors that your likely to encounter.

For this reason it's now generally regarded as the theodore levitt, optimum color space when your output is destined for dye-sub, inkjet photo printers or Hi-fi color. Red Bull Background. However, be warned that opening or viewing documents that use this color space in non color savvy (non ICC compliant) applications will result in colors appearing significantly different from those shown in Photoshop. If you look just above the five common Working Spaces you should also find options for Monitor RGB , and in the case of Mac systems ColorSync RGB . Monitor RGB is the color space of your monitor as created by your calibration utility or hardware calibration device. Hidden Intellectualism Gerald Graff. Generally, it isn't a good idea to use the monitor profile as your Working Space, but it's important that does appear in red bull the list. It's often claimed that Photoshop has no obvious way of informing the user which monitor profile is actually being used.

Well, a quick check for Monitor RGB in when become a democracy the RGB Working Space pop-up should be enough to put your mind at red bull, rest. If Monitor RGB is showing something other than the profile you created when calibrating the consensus, monitor it is essential that you investigate the red bull, reason and make the appropriate corrections. The actual list of options available for selection as Working Spaces differs according to whether More Options is activated, or not. Theodore Levitt. If you chose to activate More Options then the list of red bull, available RGB profiles will be quite extensive. Desktop type inkjet printers from Epson, Canon and HP actually require RGB data rather than CMYK , which means that the les mis, choice you make for this particular Working Space will have no influence in their actual output. This is the main reason that I leave it set at the default US Web Coated (SWOP) v2 , and if using a desktop inkjet, then I suggest that you do likewise. So, other than the list of available profiles, the procedure for choosing CMYK Working Space isn't that different to background RGB. Again, having More Options activated gives you a more extensive list. With the Grayscale Working Space we have access to valjean two gamma settings, a series of five preset dot gain curves, the ColorSync Gray Work Space (Mac only) and the ability to customise the dot gain to our own requirements. The Gray Gamma 2.2 is red bull background, probably the best for most users, but feel free to experiment. Also note, that if you choose to use a Custom Gamma or Dot Gain this will be the gerald graff, Working Space listed in the Gray Working Space pop-up menu.

Another very important point regarding Grayscale is that its not tied to the CMYK setup! This is background, why some legacy greyscale documents might not look quite the same as they did in Photoshop 5.x (does anyone still use Photoshop 5?) The Spot pop-up menu is broadly similar to the greyscale, but for spot colors. Theodore Levitt. The options that we find include a series of background, five preset Dot Gain options and the facility for customising the Dot Gain curve if required. The screen shot shown below indicates that I've selected 20% Dot Gain version as my default. Color Management Policies was a new and very important feature that was introduced by in hidden intellectualism gerald graff Photoshop 6. Its importance continues in CS6, which is why I tend to spend so much time trying to explain the red bull, various options. Figure 5 below shows the les mis jean, default setup, but this hides a lot of background, important information.

Figure 5 - Photoshop CS6 Default Color Management Policies. Based on feedback, this section of the consensus, essay is probably the one that causes new Photoshop users greatest difficulty. Nevertheless, it's an important aspect of Photoshop that is better to understand than ignore. Therefore, the explanation that I give below will appear quite wordy. Basically, each Working Space will have the same set of three policy options, although you need not configure each identically. The Color Management Policies are: - In simple terms, the red bull background, Off Policy ensures that Photoshop does as little as possible when dealing with ICC profiles. In most situations it isn't the ideal choice and contrary to popular believe it's certainly not the panacea for new users that some would have them believe. Figure 6 - RGB Color Policy is Off. The following explanation will give you some idea as to les mis jean the behaviour of Photoshop when this option is selected. Choosing Off will mean that all new documents will be created without an embedded ICC profile.

Likewise, when you save them there will be no embedded profile within the document. Background. Generally, documents that do not contain an embedded ICC profile are referred to as being untagged, which invariably means that their color appearance will vary on different monitors and even within different applications on the same computer. Opening an existing document that contains an embedded ICC profile that matches the current Working Space means that Photoshop will honour the embedded profile, and did america become a democracy, that this profile will subsequently be saved with the document once you've completed editing same. The default Pasting behaviour between documents is to retain numerical values (RGB pixel values), not the appearance. This means that no conversion between color spaces will take place and will often lead to the pasted section of the background, document taking on a radically different appearance to that of the what method, original. Opening an existing document that contains an embedded ICC profile that does not match the current Working Space (i.e. profile mismatch) will cause that embedded profile to be stripped out of the document. The document will subsequently be saved with no embedded profile. Background. With this policy you'll find that when the Ask When Opening warning checkbox is also unchecked a warning similar to that shown in figure 7 will appear. The problem with this configuration is that the user either accepts what Photoshop dictates or doesn't open the document at all, not much of a choice.

Activating the what is socratic, Don't show again checkbox will ensure that you're no longer nagged by the alert dialog, but be aware documents that contain an embedded profile that differs significantly from the background, current Working Space will generally have a less than optimal appearance. (b) Preserve Embedded Profiles (default) For most situations this policy offers the theodore levitt, greatest degree of flexibility and therefore is to be preferred. The following explanation should give you an background, idea as to consensus the behaviour of Photoshop CS6 when this policy is selected. Choosing Preserve Embedded Profiles means that when you open an existing document into Photoshop that has an embedded ICC profile that differs from the red bull, current Working Space, then that document and what method, its associated profile will be left intact. In other words Photoshop will make no attempt to convert the document to red bull background the current Working Space; the original embedded profile will be retained and subsequently saved with the document. Nevertheless, even though the document and Photoshop are no longer in sync, color space wise, the document preview will still be accurate. If you're unclear as to intellectualism gerald why this should be then see explanation of document specific color in Section 1. When opening an existing document with an embedded ICC profile that matches the current Working Space Photoshop will take no action; the document is opened and saved as normal. The default behaviour when pasting either an RGB or Grayscale document is slightly more complex whereby the appearance of the pasted documented will be preserved but the numbers will change (i.e. the red bull, pixel values will change). In the case of CMYK it is the numbers that will be retained, not the become, appearance.

If the document being opened or imported has no embedded ICC profile (i.e. the red bull, document is of sex, untagged) then Photoshop will use the current Working Space for editing and previewing purposes. However, the profile will not be embedded into the document when it is subsequently saved. Creating a new document with this policy setting means that the current Working Space is used for editing and red bull, previewing. The associated profile will eventually be embedded into theodore levitt, the file when saved. If necessary, the red bull background, default Working Space profile for new documents can be overridden in what method the New document dialog. This policy behaves in an almost identical fashion to color management in Photoshop 5. It's for this reason that some Photoshop dinosaurs ( there are still some around ) still tend to favour it. Actually, this policy isn't a bad choice, but it does need to be treated with care. Figure 8 - RGB Policy is Convert to Working RGB. If an existing document with no embedded ICC profile is opened or imported into Photoshop then the current Working Space will be used for red bull background editing and previewing. However, there will be no profile embedded into the document when it is saved (i.e. the resulting document will be untagged). If an document is the definition, opened or imported and red bull, has an embedded ICC profile which is found to differ from the current Working Space then that document will be converted into, and subsequently saved in the Working Space.

When the valjean, document and the Working Space profiles are matched then Photoshop takes no action; the document is opened and saved as normal. Red Bull. New documents will be previewed, edited and method, ultimately saved in the current Working Space. Finally, the default pasting behaviour is to convert and thus preserve the appearance of the document. However, the user will get the option not to convert the pasted document, hence preserving the numbers if the pasted document doesn't match with the red bull background, target document. With this policy you'll find that, by default, the Ask When Opening warning checkbox is also unchecked for Profile Mismatches, so a warning similar to the following (figure 7) will appear. It's worth reading the text and comparing it with figure 7 above.

At first glance the above warning appears virtually identical to that shown for method the OFF Policy , but there is a subtle difference - the document is converted to the Working Space profile rather than discarding the embedded profile. Compare the text of the two screen shots (i.e. figure 7 and red bull background, 9) if you're in any doubt as to the differences. Again you may wish to tick the Don't show again checkbox so as to stop this warning reappearing in the future. Overriding the Default Policy Behaviour. The previous section described how your choice of Color Management Policy determined the default behaviour of Photoshop CS6 under various scenarios. However, you need not be confined to these preset outcomes. A much better option would be to consensus configure the Color Management Policies as shown in figure 10 below. Here we can see that each of the checkboxes for Profile Mismatches and Missing Profiles be set for Ask When Opening or Ask When Pasting as appropriate Basically, the red bull background, three checkboxes associated with the profile warnings have the following impact on the Color Management Policies: - (i) Profile Mismatches: Ask When Opening. When this checkbox is active Photoshop has been set to present the user with a warning when the document being opened or imported has an embedded profile that does not match the current Working Space. Collectivist Consensus. The warning looks like figure 11, and contains three options with the default settings being dependent upon the actual Color Management Policy in red bull background operation at the time.

Noticed that unlike the examples shown previously, all the necessary information required to make an informed decision is present. The above example is preset for how the dialog would appear when the Color Management Policy is set for Preserve Embedded Profile . The user can choose to leave the document as is (default - Use the graff, embedded profile ), allow the conversion ( Convert document's colors to background the Working Space ) or strip out the embedded profile and switch off color management ( Discard the the definition, embedded profile ). Had the red bull, policy been Convert to Working Space the dialog would have looked almost identical except that it would have been preset for Convert document's colors to Working Space. Basically, the answer to the question: How do you want to proceed? is already decided for you when the theodore levitt, Embedded Profile Mismatch dialog appears. However, if you know this answer to be incorrect then by red bull, all means make an alternative selection, otherwise leave well alone, and click OK. I think you will agree that the warning in hidden intellectualism graff figure 11 is red bull background, a lot more user friendly than the one that appears under similar circumstances when Ask When Opening is unchecked. At least with this option you now have the the definition of sex, opportunity to assign an alternative profile to red bull the document before it opens. (ii) Missing Profiles: Ask When Opening. Choosing this option means that Photoshop has been set to present the user with a warning when the document being opened has no embedded ICC profile. The warning looks similar to the following (figure 10) and again contains three options.

The preset or default selection is dependent upon the definition the Color Management Policy in operation at red bull background, the time. The above example is collectivist consensus, preset for how the dialog would appear when the Color Management Policy is set for Preserve Embedded Profile. Since no profile is embedded Photoshop will default to not color managing the document. The lower Assign Profile (and the associated and then convert to working RGB) checkbox is the red bull, best choice if you know the les mis jean, source documents' true color space and you want the document to appear correctly in red bull background Photoshop. Typically, this option will be used for images from some older digital cameras or similar device that don't embed a profile in when did america become the document or provide accurate EXIF color space information. (iii) Paste Profile Mismatches: Ask When Opening. Figure 13 below shows the Paste Profile Mismatch warning that appears in the event of the color spaces of the two documents not matching. Note that the terms preserve color appearance and background, color numbers relate to the source document, not the destination. The various warning dialog boxes shown above are only a sample of when a democracy, those that may appear as you open or import documents that contravene the defined Color Management Policy.

However, I think that the text messages included in each should be more than ample to explain what each option does and will therefore allow you to background make the appropriate choice. This section will only be present in the Color Settings dialog if the what, user chooses More Options. Figure 14 shows this section of the Color Settings dialog in red bull its default configuration. Engine : this is the name of the theodore levitt, engine, which will be used for all color space conversions. Unless you have good reason to choose an alternative you should leave it at the default Adobe ACE setting. ACE is the direct equivalent of the Built-in engine used in red bull background Photoshop 5. Windows users should not be tempted to collectivist consensus choose ICM. Background. Mac users should keep in intellectualism gerald graff mind that the option chosen here will override the selection made in red bull the ColorSync setup.

Intent : this pop-up menu allows the user to select from four different rendering intents, namely Perceptual , Saturation , Relative Colorimetric and Absolute Colorimetric . Consensus. Typically, most users will choose between either Relative Colorimetric or Perceptual . A short description on each is red bull background, provided in the Description section of the Color Settings dialog. A more comprehensive explanation can be found in theodore levitt the Photoshop on-line help files. With Relative Colorimetric it is only those source colors that are out of gamut (i.e. Background. can't be viewed/printed accurately within the jean, destination color space) that will be mapped to red bull background the closest in-gamut color, the remainder are left unchanged. This means that in the case of documents containing lots of out-of-gamut colors the visual relationship between the theodore levitt, colors (after conversion) will almost certainly change. With Perceptual, all colors of the source color space will be mapped to the nearest in-gamut color of the destination color space thus maintaining the visual relationship between colors. Background. In other words, with Perceptual the whole document color gamut will be compressed so that it fits within the of sex, new color space. The Photoshop default is Relative Colorimetric. Use Black Point Compensation : this should be kept checked. Red Bull Background. Black Point Compensation ensures that the darkest neutrals of the source color space are mapped to the darkest neutrals of the hidden gerald, destination color space.

In most circumstances toggling BPC ON or OFF will result in no obvious change to background the document appearance, but in jean valjean some situations converted documents will look/print horrible if BPC is red bull background, Off, so be very careful with this setting. Use Dither (8-bit/channel images) : as with Black Point Compensation this should be kept checked. The description box at the bottom of the Color Settings dialog box will give you some clue as to what it does. Compensate for Scene-referred Profiles : This is a new option introduced with CS5. Hidden Graff. It compares video contrast when converting from scene to output profiles. This option reflects default color management in After Effects, and is of no real significance to red bull background Photographers.

As with the conversion options, this section will only be present in the Color Settings dialog if the user chooses to les mis activate the More Settings option. Figure 15 shows this section of the Color Settings dialog in its default configuration. An explanation on what each of these options do is provided in red bull the Description box and on-line helps files. The consensus appears to be that all three checkboxes should be left in the default condition (i.e. Desaturate Monitor Colors. and Blend RGB Colors. unchecked, and Blend Text Colors. checked). The Desaturate Monitor Color option is the one that has greatest potential to of sex cause confusion, as it will result in the document preview to become progressively less saturated as the percentage is background, increased. Those choosing to gerald graff work in very wide color spaces may find it useful, however, the majority of Photoshop users should leave it Unchecked. Saving Out Your Own Default Color Settings. Select the Save button and give your settings a Name and Description by red bull, which you can call them back in the future, if for what method some reason you make a temporary change.

Also note that you can have as many different sets of settings as you wish, although only one can be active at red bull background, a time. Figure 16 shows my preferred color settings. Figure 16 - Customised Color Settings Configuration. If you're using Adobe Creative Suite 6/Creative Cloud you'll also want to make sure that all color handling within the when did america become, other applications matched with Photoshop. Background. To help you with this task Adobe has provided a feature within Bridge (Edit menu Creative Suite Color Settings) that enables you to synchronise the color settings for become a democracy all of the suite applications. Remember, that this feature is only available when you have Creative Suite 6/Creative Cloud installed and activated. Figure 17 - Synchronise Creative Suite 6 Color Settings.

A frequently asked Photoshop questions is: why don't my prints match the red bull, screen? Generally it's down to poor monitor calibration, but on hidden graff other occasions it's simply the background, fact that the user has an unrealistically high expectation of what can be printed. Theodore Levitt. We dealt with monitor calibration in Section 2, however, on the subject of prints I'm reminded of a conversation I had with Thomas Knoll (original author of Photoshop) on my photo trip to Antarctica in January 2009 . During this conversation Thomas suggested that much of the problem is really due to background overly bright monitors, especially those based on LCD and LED technologies. When. So, if you're still having problems with dark prints after calibration it's worth reducing the red bull background, display brightness control by 10/15%. This section will discuss the options and commands associated with the consensus, Soft Proof feature. Red Bull Background. As you work your way through it you'll notice that I haven't included any reference to specific printer driver set-ups. This is what, because they will be covered in a separate tutorial Photoshop CS6 - Managing Color When Printing , which isn't published yet. Basically, soft proofing is nothing more than using your monitor to background simulate a printing device.

However, accurate soft proofing is dependent upon the quality and accuracy of the what method, monitor profile and the media profiles for each printer/media/ink combination that you're attempting to proof. Configuring Photoshop for soft proofing is done via the red bull, View Proof Setup Custom menu as shown below. Proof Setup only theodore levitt affects the current or active document on your desktop. So, if you want to red bull background define your own default Proof Setup (a wise move) you need to configure the proof setup via the Custom menu option with no documents open. Alternatively, if you do have a document open then hold down the Alt/Option key to activate the -Default (i.e. Save proof profile) button in the Customise Proof Condition dialog. The various proofing options are: Working CMYK - soft proofs the document using the current CMYK working space defined in the Color Settings dialog. Working Cyan, Magenta, Yellow and Black Plate or Working CMY Plates - soft proofs the document using the is socratic method, current CMYK working space defined in the Color Settings dialog. Macintosh RGB and Windows RGB - soft proofs the red bull background, document using the standard Mac or Windows monitor profile (i.e. Apple RGB and sRGB respectively).

Both options assume that the theodore levitt, simulated monitor will display your document without using color management. Monitor RGB - soft proofs the document using your actual monitor profile. Red Bull Background. Again, this option assumes that the simulated monitor will display your document without using color management. Color Blindness - creates a soft proof that reflects colors visible to a person with color blindness. The two soft proof options, Protanopia and Deuteranopia, approximate color perception for the most common forms of color blindness. The screen shot below shows a typical view of the theodore levitt, new Proof Setup ( i.e. Customize Proof Condition ) dialog in CS6. In this example, I'm showing the red bull background, configuration required for simulating Premium Glossy Photo Paper on an Epson Stylus Pro 3800 inkjet photo printer. From this dialog you can easily select, configure and save your own customised soft proofing setup for any number of different printer profiles. You begin the process by choosing the is socratic method, Profile from the Device to Simulate pop-up menu.

In the example shown above I have selected the background, Epson Stylus Pro 3800 profile for les mis jean Premium Glossy paper (i.e. Ep3800_PremGloss_2880_Colorful). In your case it will be the profile for the media that you want to simulate on red bull the monitor. This option will only be available when the document and profiles are in sync, i.e. both are RGB or both are CMYK. Collectivist Consensus. Selecting the Preserve RGB/CMYK Numbers checkbox will usually result in red bull background a quite awful looking display, so don't make the collectivist consensus, mistake of choosing that option. Basically, we are simulating how the document will appear if it's not converted to the actual device profile. One use of this option is to background enable you to see how the did america, document would print if the appropriate media profile is not selected in the Print with Preview dialog. Normally, it's best the leave the checkbox unchecked. Rendering Intent is the red bull, setting that appears to cause most confusion and it's generally worth trying both Relative Colorimetric and hidden gerald, Perceptual . Typically, Relative Colorimetric will be best but some highly saturated documents will benefit from choosing Perceptual.

I described Use Black Point Compensation previously when discussing the conversion engines. Red Bull. Typically, it will be best to keep it checked. There are two options (or checkboxes) shown in this section of the Customize Proof Condition dialog. The first: Simulate Paper Color allows you to simulate, on theodore levitt the monitor, the shade/color of the red bull background, paper white. The second: Simulate Black Ink will enable you to simulate, on your monitor, the what is socratic, dynamic range defined by red bull, the media profile (i.e. how dark black will appear on the media you're printing to). Note that selecting the of sex, Simulate Paper Color checkbox will cause the Simulate Black Ink to background be selected and greyed out.

Not all profiles will support both options. The resulting soft proof display can be quite disconcerting at first. By this I mean that the overall tone of the image may tend to look compressed or slightly color shifted (e.g. white takes on a blue cast). In such circumstances it's probably best to leave the Simulate Paper Color and Black Ink options unchecked. To save the customised proof setup simply choose the Alt/Option+Save button and give the soft proof profile a name that clearly indicates the the definition of sex, printer/media combination for which it was created. The name of a saved soft profile will be appended to the bottom of the list immediately below Color Blindness options (Figure 18 above).

A comprehensive, albeit quite old, tutorial describing the technique of soft proofing can be found here. Section 5 - Managing the Document Color Space. As with other aspects of color management we find that color space conversion and profile-embedding hasn't changed in Photoshop CS6. I suppose you could say that since it wasn't broken in red bull earlier versions there was no need to fix it. Either way, for many Photoshop newbie's it's difficult to appreciate the difference between embedding a profile and what method, converting to a profile, so I'll try to shed some light of the differences below. So what does Assign Profile do and red bull background, when do we use it? Assign Profile allows you to associate any profile of your choosing to a document. The command is intended for only a few limited uses, e.g. documents that have been imported into Photoshop using a Twain module or a scanner package that has no means of embedding an ICC profile. Its important to note that assigning a profile does not change the document (i.e. it will not change the RGB/CMYK numbers or pixel values). Assign Profile simply provides Photoshop with a description of the actual color space that you wish to edit and view the theodore levitt, document in. Background. In other words it changes the document appearance or meaning of the RGB/CMYK numbers.

The Don't Color Manage this Document : option is the definition, used to instruct Photoshop to remove an existing embedded profile (sometimes referred to as untagging). The Working RGB : option tags the document with the current default working space profile as defined in Color Settings . The Profile : popup option allows us to assign a profile other than the default Working Space profile. In the above example I chose to assign a customised profile for a Nikon scanner. Other potential uses for Assign Profile include the removal of an embedded profile (i.e. don't color manage the background, document). Convert to what Profile is red bull background, basically an enhanced version of the old Photoshop 5.0 Profile-to-Profile command, the main difference being that with Profile-to-Profile you were able to consensus define the source color space. In all subsequent versions of Photoshop, which includes CS6, this cannot be done since the background, source profile for the image is predefined and locked. The Definition Of Sex. The only way that the source profile can be changed is via the red bull, Assign Profile command discussed above. Figure 21 above shows the new Convert to Profile dialog. Notice the button labelled Advanced, which when clicked expands the dialog to les mis jean such a much larger range of advanced options (figure 22 below).

A document with the ProPhoto RGB profile embedded (Source Space) being converted to Working RGB - sRGB IEC61966-2.1 (i.e. the red bull background, Destination Space). Whenever we make this conversion it will be the profile for the destination space that is embedded within the document when saved. Valjean. Convert to Profil e changes the RGB/CMYK numbers (i.e. pixel values) in order that the document appearance is maintained. The Preview checkbox allows the user to compare the red bull, conversion with and without Black Point Compensation, Dithering, and any one of the four rendering Intents . The ability to preview the conversion is a real boon and shouldn't be ignored, so use it to the definition your benefit. Also notice that the screen shot shows the Intent set to Relative Colorimetric. This was the default Intent I chose when I configured the Color Settings dialog earlier. However, as with many Photoshop setting the Intent is sticky, which means that if I was to background change it to the definition Perceptual then the next time I choose Convert to Profile the Intent will be set to background Perceptual.

Printing from within Photoshop CS6 has changed somewhat from previous versions in intellectualism gerald graff that for the actual print workflows are a lot simpler than they have been in the past. The screen shot shown below shows the Printer Setup and red bull, Color Management sections within the of sex, new Print Settings dialog box. In particular, the Color Management section enables you to define the Color Handling and Printer Profile options along with the Rendering Intent used to red bull background convert the document between the document profile and printer profile. Even if you've been using a version of Photoshop as recent as CS5 you'll immediately notice that the Print dialog has been reworked, again. To the right of the preview image and reading from theodore levitt, top to bottom we have a Print Setup , which gives access to the printer driver along with options for positioning and red bull background, scaling prints. Intellectualism Graff. Pressing the background, Print Settings button will open your printer driver dialog thus giving you access to the various settings for color management, page layout, etc. The actual dialog will differ according to your OS and printer vendor. Color Management is still the default view for the Print dialog, and the preview window is fully color managed, and includes the ability to soft-proof images. The actual soft-proofing is theodore levitt, controlled by the three checkboxes below the preview image. These are labelled Match Print Colors, Gamut Warning and Show Paper White . To keep things simple I will focus on only those settings that fall within the Color Management section in red bull figure 24 above. I will also give a brief summary of each option and intellectualism graff, hopefully give you better idea which combinations are best suited to particular print tasks:

Color Handling - this is the pop-up menu from which you choose the preferred method of background, managing color when printing from within Photoshop CS6. By adopting this approach Adobe have separated the workflow aspects of printing from the media choices. There are three color handling options, and each has its own associated preset configuration within the Print Settings dialog, thereby helping the user avoid erroneous settings. Printer Manage Colors - with this option Photoshop instructs the when become a democracy, printer to carry out the conversion between the document color space and the printer vendors preferred color space. Photoshop will not change (convert) the document if this option is red bull background, selected.

This is the most appropriate option when you don't have ICC media profiles for your particular printer/media combination. Photoshop Manages Colors - with this option Photoshop will convert the document to the printer/media profile that you have selected in the Printer Profile pop-up. What. Many desktop printers are now supplied with generic media profiles, but much more accurate prints can be obtained if custom profiles are used. However, for red bull background this option to work correctly color management must be switched off in the printer driver. Separations - this option is used when printing CMYK documentss where each channel is collectivist, handled separately. If your document is RGB the background, option will be greyed out. In CS4 and earlier we also had an option called No Color Management , but it has been completely removed from CS5/CS6.

This option was intended for special cases such as printing custom profile targets that require document color management to be turned off in both Photoshop and the definition, the printer driver. In the absence of this option Adobe have published a Technote entitled No Color Management option missing when printing in Photoshop CS5 suggesting a number of alternative methods for printing profiling targets. Red Bull Background. Solution 3 is probably the most effective approach to printing the targets. Printer Profile - as its name implies this is the pop-up menu from which you choose the ICC profile associated with the printer/media combination you'll be using. This pop-up will only be active when Photoshop Manages Colors is selected in the Color Handling pop-up. By default, it will actually show the hidden gerald, document color space, so make sure that you don't forget to choose the red bull, appropriate printer/media profile before hitting the Print button. Normal Printing - Rendering Intent and Black Point Compensation - again, depending upon your choice in Color Handling one or both of these settings may be greyed out. Irrespective of whether it's greyed out or not, most desktop photo printers (inkjets) will ignore these two settings when Printer Manages Colors is selected from the when did america become a democracy, Color Handling pop-up. The Description box is background, a useful feature within the Print dialog in so far as it provides short explanations for each of the settings and options. The description itself is theodore levitt, triggered when you hover the mouse over the various buttons and pop-up menus (e.g.

Color Handling, Rendering Intent, Black Point Compensation, etc). Saving your documents is not directly related to background color management the Save As dialog throws up a host of useful features. The Embed Profile checkbox is very important and will reflect your choice of Color Management Policy . Notice that the dialog even informs us which profile is being embedded within the hidden intellectualism gerald, document. The screen shot shown below (figure 25) is how the red bull, dialog appears on consensus a Mac OS X system. The Windows dialog looks slightly different, but is functionally identical to background the Mac version. The other save options present in the dialog are those associated with Layers , Alpha Channels , Annotations , etc. Again, you can choose to uncheck them and so save the image without the layers, etc.

The Save As a Copy feature is engaged by default as soon as you uncheck Layers ; this prevents you trashing a lot of the definition, hard work. Hopefully the material presented in this essay has been helpful and improved your understanding of Adobe's approach to managing color in Photoshop CS6. As noted throughout the essay there is vast body of material to be found all over red bull background the internet. A simple search using google.com and the key words Color Management is all that is required. Contents on this site: Ian Lyons 1999 - 2017.

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